A root canal treatment, is a dental procedure performed to save a tooth that is severely infected or damaged. The procedure involves removing the infected or damaged pulp from inside the tooth, cleaning and disinfecting the root canals, and then sealing and filling the space to prevent further infection. Here are the key points about dental root canal treatment:
When is a Root Canal Needed?
Root canal treatment is typically recommended when the pulp, which contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues, becomes infected or damaged due to:
- Deep decay that has reached the pulp.
- A cracked or fractured tooth that exposes the pulp.
- Repeated dental procedures on the same tooth.
- Trauma to the tooth.
- Severe gum disease.
The root canal procedure generally involves the following steps:
- Anesthesia: The area around the affected tooth is numbed with local anesthesia to ensure a pain-free experience.
- Access Opening: A small opening is made in the crown of the tooth to access the pulp chamber and root canals.
- Pulp Removal: The infected or damaged pulp is carefully removed from the pulp chamber and root canals using specialised instruments.
- Cleaning and Shaping: The root canals are cleaned, shaped, and disinfected to remove any remaining debris, bacteria, and infected tissue.
- Filling: The cleaned and disinfected root canals are filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha to seal the space and prevent further infection.
- Sealing: The access opening in the crown of the tooth is sealed with a temporary or permanent filling material.
- Restoration: In many cases, a tooth that has undergone a root canal may require additional restoration, such as a crown, to protect and strengthen the tooth.
After a root canal, there may be some discomfort or mild pain, but this can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.
Maintain good oral hygiene to prevent future dental issues.
Attend follow-up appointments as recommended by your dentist to ensure proper healing and restoration of the tooth.